Seasoning from the whole and/or milled seeds of the plant of the same name with the addition of water, vinegar and other ingredients (most widely used include sugar, salt, vegetable oil). It is one of the main European spices and seasonings. Mustard leaves contain carotene, vitamin C, calcium and iron salts. The seeds contain essential oil, from which the medicine prepares a “mustard alcohol”. The essential mustard oil also contains the phytoncides having a strong antibacterial effect. Due to this, the mustard has long been used to preserve the food products.
White mustard seeds are also used for various diseases – vascular sclerosis, hypertension, diseases of the liver and gall bladder, digestive disorders, flatulence, rheumatism, sciatica and skin eczema. Mustard stimulates the appetite and the secretion of gastric juice and improves digestion.